Creek. Schon vor vielen Jahrhunderten hatten die Indianer im Südosten Nordamerikas eine hohe Stufe der Zivilisation erreicht. Es gab komplexe Gesellschaften. reek Indianer. reek, Indianer aus der Muskogee-Sprachfamilie, die zu den Indianervölkern des Südostens gehören. Sie selbst nannten sich Muskogee.  ein Angehöriger des gleichnamigen Indianervolks. Synonyme: [1, 2] Muskogee, Creek-Indianer. Beispiele:  „Er war aus England.
Muskogee (Volk)die Interessen der Regierung(en) durchsetzte und sich im Krieg gegen die Seminole-Indianer in Florida oder gegen die Creek-Indianer ausgezeichnet hatte. Historic Map Karte von Creek Indianer, Alabama & Georgien, durch die Creek Indianer Gave T - Finden Sie alles für ihr Zuhause bei secwatchestimes.com Indianerstämme der Zivilisierten sind Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Seminolen. Cherokee Chickasaw Choctaw Creek Seminolen. Cherokee Häuptlinge.
Creek Indianer Search form VideoCreek Mary's Blood Diese Familien lebten allerdings teilweise weit ab vom Zentrum entfernt. Die Muskogee trieben Handel mit ihren neuen britischen Nachbarn und erhielten europäische Waren im Austausch gegen Hirschhäute und indianische Sklaven, die sie in Florida gefangen hatten. Im Jahre wurde das Indianervertreibungsgesetz von Präsident Andrew Jackson verabschiedet, das 10 Jahre später bei den Creek mit gnadenloser Härte durchgesetzt wurde. Die Choctaw hatten eine genau so hohe Kultur wie die Cherokee.
Ein Paradebeispiel fГr hohe Spielhalle Pachten Creek Indianer Jackpot Slots mit Creek Indianer mit ihnen kГnntt. - Account OptionsDazu benutzten sie Blasrohre und Pfeile. During courtship, the man might woo the woman by playing plaintive melodies on a flute made either of hardwood or a reed. The 37, members of the Muscogee Nation are governed by an elected principal chief, a bicameral legislature, and a judicial Scrabble Hilfe Deutsch. Etowah Indian Mounds. John Abbot ca. Army officer. Record Types. William Sportwetten vations by State. Wewoka; these districts function like counties. Indian Archives Division. The Removal Treaty of guaranteed the Creeks political autonomy and perpetual ownership of new homelands in Indian Territory in return for their cession of remaining tribal lands in the East. December in Georgia History. Most Creeks spoke dialects of the Muskogean language. Corn was the staple food of the Cc Casino. Creek Indianer Indian Pages.
In ihrer eigenen Sprache nennen sie sich Mvskoke oder Maskoki. Heute üblich ist die davon abgeleitete Schreibweise Muskogee , im englischsprachigen Raum auch Muscogee.
Die Seminolen sind eng verwandt mit den Muskogee und sprechen ebenfalls die Maskoki-Sprache. Die Muskogee sind eine der fünf zivilisierten Nationen.
Heute leben sie vor allem in Oklahoma , Alabama und Florida. Die frühgeschichtlichen Muskogee waren wahrscheinlich die Nachfahren der Mississippi-Kultur und möglicherweise mit den Utinahica in Süd- Georgia verwandt.
Mehr ein loser Bund als ein geschlossener Stamm lebten die Muskogee in selbständigen Dörfern in Flusstälern in den heutigen Staaten Georgia und Alabama und bestanden aus vielen ethnischen Gruppen, die mehrere verschiedene Sprachen sprachen.
Zu ihnen gehörten die Abihka , Alabama , Tallapoosa und Coushatta. Views Read View source View history. This page was last edited on 9 September , at This page has been viewed 52, times 0 via redirect 0 watching users Content is available under Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike unless otherwise noted.
Crow Creek. FHL Film, Creek Agency, Union Agency , Eufaula Boarding School , Creek Chiefs: Wm. McIntosh Opthleyaholo Tukabahchee Tuskineah.
Sprague Lt. Edward Deas Benj. Georgia Archives: Indian Depredation Claims. Orly Air Crash of Cane Island Site. Charles McCartney "Goat Man" Mirabeau B.
Lamar Slavery in Antebellum Georgia. Mary Latimer McLendon New Deal. Hernando de Soto in Georgia. Land Lottery System.
Helen Douglas Mankin Irene Mounds. Yazoo Land Fraud. Flint River Farms Resettlement Community. Great Depression. The Creek are individuals of the Southeast Native American social gathering.
The area of their tribal countries appears on the guide. The topography of the locale in which they lived managed the way of life and society of the Creek tribe.
They were part of a union that comprised a few other tribes that also lived in the area. It was believed that this Creek union was formed to protect itself from larger, marauding bands of Indians.
When colonists from Europe started flocking to this new world called America, they named the Creek Indians based on the Ocheese Creek also known as the Ocmulgee River.
During courtship, the man might woo the woman by playing plaintive melodies on a flute made either of hardwood or a reed.
Sexual activity before marriage was allowed, and it was not unusual for travelers to hire Creek women as bed companions. Once a marriage became final, however, adultery was not tolerated.
Punishment was harsh, including severe beatings and cutting off the hair, ears, and sometimes noses of both offenders.
A woman committing adultery was rejected by her husband and children, but she could marry her lover. When a couple married, the husband went to live with his wife in the home of her parents.
The marriage was finalized only after the husband had built his wife a home and proven his ability to support her by planting and harvesting a crop and successfully hunting game.
During the trial period of the marriage, the couple could decide to separate, and infidelity would not be punished.
With the permission of his wife, a man could take a second wife, for whom he provided a separate home. Divorce was allowed but rarely occurred in families with children; when it did, the woman retained the children and the family possessions.
The father fasted for four days after the birth of his child, and he maintained an interest in his family.
Raising the child, however, was primarily the responsibility of the mother and the leader of her clan. Babies spent their first year secured to cradle boards; boys were wrapped in cougar skins, while girls were covered with deerskins or bison hides.
A daughter was called by a kinship term or named after some object or natural occurrence associated with her birth.
A son was called by the name of his totem, such as bird or snake; as he grew, he might be given a nickname based on some personality trait.
At the age of puberty, a boy was initiated into adulthood in his town and was given an actual name. His first name, which served as a surname, was that of his town or clan, while his second, or personal, name was descriptive of something about him.
Creek girls learned from their mothers and maternal aunts the skills they would need as adults. Boys were instructed primarily by their maternal uncles, though they also felt their father's influence.
Christian missionary schools established in were the first to formally educate Creeks in American culture; a few earlier attempts at founding schools had been unsuccessful.
By the late twentieth century, Creek students generally attended public schools, with a few attending boarding schools. The census found that 65 percent of Creek adults were high school graduates and 11 percent were college graduates.
He was believed to live in an upper realm that had the sky as its floor. The sun, moon, and planets were seen as messengers to this deity.
The Creeks also worshiped animal spirits. The Green Corn Festival was the principal religious celebration.
Although many Creek myths have been lost to history, some were documented by Frank G. Speck in and He reported that the myths told of animal spirits in the sky world who were responsible for the earth's origin.
Master of Breath then placed his own innovations on creation, making the earth as it is now. Speck wrote in Memoirs of the American Anthropological Association: "The Creeks assert that they were made from the red earth of the old Creek nation.
The whites were made from the foam of the sea. That is why they think the Indian is firm, and the white man is restless and fickle.
Each Creek town kept certain sacred objects. The most famous were copper and brass plates held by the town of Tuckabatchee.
The five copper plates were oblong, with the largest being about 18 inches by seven inches. Although one legend indicated that the objects had been given them by the Shawnee, who may have obtained them from the Spanish, the plates were widely believed to have been bestowed on the Creeks by the Master of Breath.
Contact with European cultures brought a succession of missionaries to the Creek people. Gradually, many of the people began to espouse Christianity.
They continued to observe the Green Corn Festival, although those who had become Baptist or Methodist no longer participated in ceremonial dancing.
With this decrease in participation, the festival began to lose its former significance, and it deteriorated into little more than a wild party.
Christianity became dominant among the Creeks after the removal to Oklahoma. Although some missionaries continued to work among them, most Creek churches were led by preachers who emerged from within the community.
As Debo described: "The Creeks had found in Christianity a means of expressing the strong community ties, the moral aspiration, the mystic communion with nature, the deep sense of reverence that had once been expressed by the native ceremonials.
The early Creeks enjoyed a comfortable living based on agriculture and hunting. Their homeland was fertile and game was plentiful.
With the emergence of European contacts, the Creek hunting industry changed from a subsistence operation to a commercial enterprise.
Trade expanded, and they began to sell not only venison, hides, and furs, but also honey, beeswax, hickory nut oil, and other produce.
They also found markets for manufactured goods including baskets, pottery, and decorated deerskins. As white settlers continued to move into Creek territory, the Indians were crowded into progressively smaller land areas.
This process began in when a cession of two million acres of Creek land was given to the new colony of Georgia so it could be sold to satisfy debts to British traders.
In order to attract additional colonists, the land was sold at bargain prices. An extensive series of other land cessions followed, and eventually the Creek economy collapsed.
According to Indians of the Lower South: Past and Present, in Lieutenant Colonel John Abert wrote to the United States Secretary of War that during the last three years the Creek people had gone "from a general state of comparative plenty to that of unqualified wretchedness and want.
The Removal Treaty of gave land to Creeks who chose to emigrate to Indian Territory in exchange for tribal lands in Alabama.
In addition, each warrior would receive a rifle, ammunition, and a blanket; families' expenses would be paid during the migration and throughout the first year in the West.
Some full-blooded Creeks still farm land in the area of Oklahoma that was settled by the Upper Creeks. The Muscogee Nation operates a bingo hall and stores that sell tobacco products.
Broadening their economic development efforts is a high priority for the tribe. Many of the mixed-blood Creeks live in Tulsa, Eufaula, or other Oklahoma cities, working in a variety of occupations.
Census data from indicates that about two-thirds of the Creek Indians were living in urban settings at that time. At the time of Indian removal, a segment of the Creek people entered into an agreement with the government that enabled them to remain in the East.
They were business people who operated ferries, served as guides and interpreters, and raised cattle. Their descendants are the Poarch Creeks, whose tribal headquarters are located in Atmore, Alabama.
The Creek achieved status based on individual merit rather than by inheriting it. Like most Indians of the Southeast, they commonly tattooed their entire bodies.
Before colonization, Creek towns were symbolically grouped into white and red categories, set apart for peace ceremonials and war ceremonials, respectively.
Each town had a plaza or community square, around which were grouped the houses—rectangular structures with four vertical walls of poles plastered over with mud to form wattle.
The roofs were pitched and covered with either bark or thatch, with smoke holes left open at the gables. If the town had a temple, it was a thatched dome-shaped edifice set upon an eight-foot mound into which stairs were cut to the temple door.